Montesori

Sensory materials

Sensory materials – work with these materials awakens the spirit, opens the senses. Apart from having the aim of "educating" the senses (touch, hearing, sight, smell and taste), these materials have the role of making the children take on board basic mathematical ideas.

Materials for recognising dimensions:

  1. Cylinders – made up of four wooden blocks, which contain a set of ten cylinders.

    • First block – differ by one characteristic. The thickness is the same, but completely differ by height. Children differentiate "tall" and "short"
    • Second block – differ by two characteristics. The heights are the same, but differ by height and depth. Children differentiate "thick" and "thin"
    • Third block – differ by three characteristics. Height and diameter ("thickness" and "depth") completely differ. Children differentiate "big" and "small".
    • Fourth block – differ by three characteristics. Height gradually changes, while the diameter grows. Children learn to differentiate "tall" and "thin".

    Aim: Direct recognition of different dimensions, understanding that certain shapes can precisely fit into certain holes.

    An indirect aim is exercise of three fingers, preparation for holding a pencil, understanding the importance of being in the right order.

    Cylinders 1
    Cylinders 1
    Cylinders 2
    Cylinders 2
    Cylinders
    Cylinders
  2. Coloured cylinders (same characteristics as the cylinder blocks)

    Aim: recognising series according to certain characteristics, recognising series by exactly defined or made-up rules.

    Templates for coloured cylinders
    Templates for coloured cylinders
    Cilindri u boji
    Coloured cylinders
    Coloured cylinders
    Coloured cylinders
  3. Pink tower
    Pink tower
    Pink tower – develops a sense for the idea of size ("big" and "small")

    Aim of this material: recognising mutual relationships between sizes and weights, making a range of series.

    An indirect goal of this exercise is to exercise the memory, strength hands, exercise fingers for writing, precision and concentration. Preparation for mathematics.

  4. Brown stairs – make up prisms from the thickest to the thinnest.

    Aim: for the child to experience how thickness grows proportionally, and working with this material is preparation for mathematics.

    Brown stairs
    Brown stairs
    Brown stairs
    Brown stairs
  5. Red rods
    Red rods

    Red rods – develop the idea of "long" and "short".

    Aim: development of motor coordination, preparation for work with arithmetic rods.

    Materials for differing colours:

    Three boxes with coloured tiles

    • First box: made up of primary colours
    • Second box: besides primary colours, this box also contains orange, green, violet, pink, grey, brown, black and white (the task is for the children to find similar colours, i.e. pairs)
    • Third box: has nine compartments each of which has seven tiles of the same colour but with difference shades (the task for the children is to match the colours from the lightest to the darkest).
      Boxes with coloured tiles
      Boxes with coloured tiles
      Boxes with coloured tiles
      Boxes with coloured tiles

    Aim: familiarity with primary colours, mixed and calibrated colours, as well as developing a feeling for colour.

    Indirect aim: preparation for artistic activities, learning about colour and a feeling for art.

    Material for touching – Boards with sandpaper.

    Aim: development of touch, recognising the difference in surface by roughness.

    Indirect aim: development of fine motor skills, exercise of fingers for touch and wrists.

    Material for the sense of hearing - made up of six pairs of materials differing by sound.

    Aim: Differing various sounds, development of hearing, development of auditory memory, preparation for music.

Thermal tiles

Thermal tiles
Thermal tiles

Thermal tiles – there are five pairs of tiles which differ from each other by warmth.

Aim: development of a feeling for different amounts of warmth.

Page updated: 28 February 2015

Nikšić

Office: +382 (0)40 213 710

Mobile: +382 (0)69 189 492

Email: info@montessori-zvono.me

Address: Vuka Karadžića bb, Nikšić 81400, Montenegro

 

Licenced by the Ministry of Education

Our partners:

Niksic Local Authority
Montessori Association of Serbia Faculty of Philosophy, Nikšić

PPU Montessori Zvono © 2017

Programming & design:Reetpetite x